The Judiciary organization involves all the tribunals and courts of the Kingdom
It is composed of lower courts, such as the courts of 1st instance and the higher courts, such as the courts of appeal and the Supreme Court.
In accordance with Article 82 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Morocco, the judiciary authority is entirely independent from the executive and legislative powers.
Under the terms of the first article of the Royal Edict of July 15, 1974 fixing the judiciary organization of the Kingdom, the judiciary map is composed of
·Common law jurisdictions;
Article 1 of the Royal Edict No 1-74-338 of July 15, 1974 fixing the judiciary organization of the Kingdom identifies the common law jurisdictions as follows:
Courts of Appeals (21 courts);
Courts of First Instance (66 courts, including178 Resident Judge centers);
Communal Jurisdictions (411) and District Courts (131).
.THE SUPREME COURT
The Supreme Court was created immediately after independence by the Royal Edict No 1-57-223
dated September 27, 1957 (Rabia I 2, 1377). It crowns the judiciary hierarchy and controls all substance courts in the Kingdom. Its organization and competence are defined by the Royal Edict of July 15, 1974 fixing the judiciary organization of the Kingdom, the Code of Civil Procedure and certain provisions of the Codes of Penal Procedure and of the Military Justice